Effect of Computerization of Library on Students Academy Performance.

Effect of Computerization of Library on Students Academy Performance.

Effect of Computerization of Library on Students Academy Performance.

 

INTRODUCTION

BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

A library consists of a large collection of books, periodicals, films or other information sources including digital. The collections can be of print, audio, and visual materials in numerous formats, including maps,  prints, and documents (Banerjee et al, 1999). However, Information and Communication Technology has reformed the concept of libraries. Each and every library is slowly getting computerised, Nigerian libraries inclusive. The Computerization of library services is aimed at modernizing the library system in Nigeria as what is obtained in the industrialized countries so as to ensure efficiency, accuracy, reliable user services, effective information management, enhanced interlibrary co-operation and library prestige.  Christian O Enyia (1991)Library computerization is the process of adequately utilizing computers to accomplish. Library functions which were originally performed manually by the librarians. Obaseki (2007) stated that computers have transcended the status of mere computing to communication as the uses of computers worldwide are primarily for communication data in networked environments”. Computerizing the library functions and services encompasses the initial, planning processes; Selection of hardware and software; Acquisition of selected hardware and software; Training of library personnel on the use; Maintenance of these novel system; Networking of computer terminals (inter linking of computers); Retrospective conversion of the library collections i.e. printed materials and artifacts records by means of computer software into machine readable options. These steps above seem easily accomplishable, but in recent times the increase in the rate of a publications which is attributed itself to the universal growth of human knowledge vis-à-vis the justifiable growth in social, economic, industrial and educational development has precipitated the problem of information management especially in Africa and Asia continents, which is a function of all libraries all over the world. Computerize may refer to Computerization: equipping something with or the usage of and associated Computerization by computers and software Business process reengineering that converts a manual process into one done by a computer Equipping with a general purpose computer, embedded computer, or computer system Inputting data (computing) into computers  Digitizing information for computers  Creating computer-generated content. The study seeks to appraise the effect of computerization of library on students’ academic performance.

STATEMENT   OF   THE PROBLEM

The application of computers in the performance of   library services has brought many advantages .However the system is been faced by many challenges such as problems of poor funding, inadequate physical and environmental facilities such as low grade buildings, unreliable power supply and the scanty amount of information holdings in most of our libraries, high cost of Staff computer training, standby power generating plants, inadequate competent personnel. The problem confronting the study is to appraise the effect of computerization of library on students’ academic performance.

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OBJECTIVE   OF THE STUDY

The Main Objective of the study is to appraise the effect of computerization of library on students’ academic performance; The specific objectives include

1 To determine the relevance of computerization of library.

2 To determine the level of students’ academic performance.

3 To determine the effect of computerization of library on students’ academic performance.

RESEARCH QUESTIONS

1 What is the relevance of computerization of library?

2 What is the level of level of students’ academic performance?

3 What is the effect of computerization of library on students’ academic performance?

STATEMENT OF THE HYPOTHESIS

The statement of the hypothesis for the study is stated in Null as follows

HO    The level  of academic performance of  students in Nigeria is low.

Ho   The effect of computerization of library on students’ academic performance is negative.

SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

The study investigates the effect of computerization of library on students’ academic performance. It provides relevant data for the effective formulation and implementation of policies to enhance the realization of envisaged objective.

LIMITATION OF THE STUDY

The study was confronted with logistics and geographical factors.

DEFINITION OF TERMS

COMUTERISATION OF LIBRARIES DEFINED

Library computerization is the process of adequately utilizing computers to accomplish. Library functions which were originally performed manually by the librarians.

LIBRARY DEFINED

A library consists of a large collection of books, periodicals, films or other information sources including digital. The collections can be of print, audio, and visual materials in numerous formats, including maps,  prints, and documents.

EDUCATIONAL SUPERVISION DEFINED

Educational Supervision consist of all effort involving school officials directed at t providing leadership to educational workers or teachers to enhance an  improved educational system and institution. The process involves the deployment of human and material resources

EDUCATION DEFINED

Education is viewed as the process of inviting truth and possibility. It is the wise, hopeful and respectful cultivation of learning undertaken in the belief that all should have the chance to share in life.