Examination of the Malpractice Among Muslim Students in Nigeria (a Case Study of Ypo Shodeinde Memorial Islamic Schools Bariga.

Examination of the Malpractice Among Muslim Students in Nigeria (a Case Study of Ypo Shodeinde Memorial Islamic Schools Bariga.

Examination of the Malpractice Among Muslim Students in Nigeria (a Case Study of Ypo Shodeinde Memorial Islamic Schools Bariga.

 

INTRODUCTION

BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

The addiction to religion is high in our society. Almost every aspect of lives and activities is linked to religion .There is the high believe that religion affects our everyday lives positively and anyone who does not profess any religion is viewed as potentially harmful to the society and the growth of the nation.

Consequently Stevens (1996) postulated that religion constitute  an extremely powerful tool to motivate people behaviours to desired causes of action  and it forms a strong foundation for cultural identification and a platform by which people compare themselves with others. Religion serve as a means of relating with people and it unifies different social groups. The giving of Religious instructions helps structure people’s lives positively. Therefore it is not easy to separate Religion from culture as any belief embraced by any religion can therefore be transformed into the cultural system even in multi-religious society like Nigeria. According to Aderogba and Olatoye , Reynolds and Tanner (1983)  religion enhance human survival, adaptation and reproduction because it transforms human live, that is the bad behaviours in human beings such as examination malpractices. Many studies have reported that religion reduces the tendency towards or incidence of deviant and immoral behaviours (Sharma, 1996; Schludermann, Schludermann, Needham &Mulenga, 2001; Olatoye, 2007; Strawbridge, Shema, Cohen &Kaplan, 2008). Examination malpractice is viewed as any contrary conduct which is against the rules and principles governing the conduct of an examination carried out by an individual or groups of individuals sitting for the examination, friends, teachers, invigilators, examination officials, printers and any individual before, during or after an examination with the sole aim of influencing the mark or grade of the candidate. The study is an examination of the malpractice among muslem students in Nigeria. A case study of YPO shodeinde memorial Islamic secondary school.

STATEMENT   OF   THE PROBLEM

The desire to receive commendation for the success of students has pushed many school principal and students to into examination malpractice. Balogun (1995).

This has led to high level of exam malpractices even in schools where high moral values are held through religion. The problem confronting the study is to an examination of the malpractice among muslem students in Nigeria. A case study of YPO shodeinde memorial Islamic secondary school.

OBJECTIVE   OF THE STUDY

The Main Objective of the study is an examination of the malpractice among muslem students in Nigeria. A case study of YPO shodeinde memorial Islamic secondary school; The specific objectives include

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1  To determine the nature of examination malpractice.

2 To determine the level of examination malpractice among muslem students in Nigeria.

3 To determine the level of examination malpractice among muslem students in YPO shodeinde memorial Islamic secondary school Bariga.

RESEARCH QUESTIONS

1 What is the nature of examination malpractice?

2 What is the level of examination malpractice among muslem students in Nigeria?

3 What is the level of examination malpractice among muslem students in YPO shodeinde memorial Islamic secondary school Bariga?

STATEMENT OF THE HYPOTHESIS

The statement of the hypothesis for the study is stated in Null as follows

HO    The level of examination malpractice among muslem students in YPO shodeinde memorial Islamic secondary school Bariga is low.

SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

The study is an examination of the malpractice among muslem students in Nigeria. A case study of YPO shodeinde memorial Islamic secondary school. It provides relevant data for the effective formulation and implementation of policies         to enhance the realization of envisaged objective.

LIMITATION OF THE STUDY

The study was confronted with logistics and geographical factors.

DEFINITION OF TERMS

EXAMINATION MALPRACTICE DEFINED

Examination malpractice is viewed as any contrary conduct which is against the rules and principles governing the conduct of an examination carried out by an individual or groups of individuals sitting for the examination, friends, teachers, invigilators, examination officials, printers and any individual before, during or after an examination with the sole aim of influencing the mark or grade of the candidate.

EXTRA-CURRICULAR ACTIVITY DEFINED

Extracurricular activities are the opportunities which exist for responsible person to exercise out of work activities and everything is in his power to deal with his own desire and willingness. This is the free time available for people and requires an effective use of it. For secondary school people this is the time devoted for sporting rehearsal, rest, singing, drama, debating club activities etc.

MOTIVE DEFINED

Motive is defined as a need that requires satisfaction. These needs could also be wants or desires that are acquired through influence of culture, society, lifestyle, etc.

 MOTIVATION DEFINED

Motivation is the direction of people’s behavior  towards a desired course of action. It is a set of force that acts behind the motives.

EDUCATIONAL SUPERVISION DEFINED

Educational Supervision consist of all effort involving school officials directed at t providing leadership to educational workers or teachers to enhance an  improved educational system and institution. The process involves the deployment of human and material resources